How can you increase the number when the number existing is dying due to infighting. Secondly in order to increase the number, you need larger area, which is very clear from the fact that the current land allocation is not sufficient.
So you want them to be killed by license hunters before they kill each other in infighting? Animal can survive is small areas provided better protection and food availability. Land allocation is sufficent but improvement are needed. There is proposal to tranfer some lion to kuno sanctuary in MP so that excess population of lion can be shifted there and so that they can reclaim old territories. Removing of one male from a territory by killing will make room for another male which eventually kill the cub of former male, and hence neither you hav increasing population of lion but you are also jeopardising the future generation of lions too.
Secondly, you can increase the number if you lessen poaching, which you have made a point several time in your post. now how can you decrease the poaching.
1. Have good amount of well trained and armed forest guard with infrastructure and means protect them self and animals, which you i guss would be knowing better as to what is the current condition of forest guards. forget being armed well they dont even have decent clothing. The guard post inside the parks reserves is hardly well equipped. In reserves which are in more lime light like ranthambore, jim corbet, pana national park, they are still lil better but in others, its bad.
They are armed with old obsolete weapons, which they can hardly use to fight poachers.
2. Pay the guards better, so that they are better off than poachers and have incentives linked to saving animals.
3. In some areas it impossible but in areas which are flat, have barbs fences, it will introduce some hindrance to animal going out and add hindrance to easy entry.
4. To save abandoned cubs and babies you need good veterinary care centers, inside the reserves. Which i have rarely seen, if its there then there is hardly any staff, if staff is there they dont have equipment, its catch 22 situation. how tigers or lions are getting saved after they have being picked up by the forest officials.
Now for this you need money and money which is accountable not funds. See we have to put a system which is accountable also, in current system, funds come and go, nothing happens on the ground. But when the resource is generated from the park it self and you have both the fund generation and increase in animal as deliverable, i personally believe you are putting check and balance. You issue permit for X amount of animal and you have Y amount of animal added each year.
You dont know but govt. actually allocates huge amt of fund for wildlife conservation but that fund actually goes to either buying jeeps or improving forest officer bungalow. Better utilisation of gotv. funds can solve half of the problem. moreover a huge chunk of money generated from wildlife tourism can be diverted to the betterment of forest dwelling community and also to improve the existing facility which is hardly done. We need wildlife cooperations to manage wildlife. Neither our gaurds need modern weapon to fight poaching. A tiger can be killed with somthing as naive as clutch wire, infact most of the snares and traps are made from clutch wires.
Secondly you have to realize and when you will legalize the hunting the same poachers will line up to get absorbed to become helpers, this will be legal way of channelizing their skill and for them legal way to earn money.
These tribals are paoching not because they njoi poaching, but thats their skill, they are best at it and they can earn money through it only. You have to give them means of earning, not put them on some monthly monetary scheme and ask them to sit and do nothing, just because you are getting money.
It is highly unlikely becoz poachers turn to poaching at first place becoz of high monetary returns and less risk in poaching. While becoming a guide, i am sure they wont be able to get that much amt of money. A poacher gets almost a lakh rs for killing a tiger, he can earn almost 10 lac rs a yr by illegally killing a tiger rather then few thousand by legal hunting. Several schemes have been undertaken before to educate poaching tribe or to rehabilitate them, but they eventually return to poaching becoz of easy money involved.
When you will have hunters in forest with legal permit, poaching will come down for sure.
i think we are also deviating from the main topic, the main focus of these article is balance the conservation and highlight the fact that the current system is not working, we have to find some other means, as in the current system you are loosing both crops, animals and forest. Am i wrong in saying this ?. We have to relook at it and present better approach. We cant have general rule of thumb applied across without doing re check if its working or not.
exactly but should we make wildlife a scapegoat in all this??
Lastly poaching is much much bigger mafia than killing just for hunting reasons, there is huge amount of money involved, so to fight it just dont need laws you need much more awareness, tighter laws and better vigilance on borders and customs.
Right, thats y i dont think legalising hunting will have any effect on poaching. It will continue even if u make more and more stricter laws. The returns are just too tempting.
If the legalised hunting has worked under the banner of United nation in other countries, then there has to be some reason to it. We cant say the whole africa has failed in conservation. Look at Bustard conservation program in UK, that bird was totally gone, but they have being able to re introduce it back, they got the species back from other countries, which were not so concerned with the same
We havnt failed either. We brought tiger from the brink of extinction in 1972. If you think present is worse for tigers, past was even terrible. not many guys arnd give any chance to tiger in 1960s before project tiger startd, but we managed to save them so far, what we need a little revamp for the project. Look into rhino conservation in assam and also there are several species which came out from the face of extinction in india. We need little dedication and some active involvment frm the govt as well as its people.